Furoshiki Tech

Furoshiki Tech Design

Furoshiki has nurtured various techniques over a long period of time. Many of the technical methods are unique to Japan and furoshiki. In recent years, machine printings have come to be used as well.

Table of contents

Furoshiki materials:

Furoshiki Tech

Furoshiki materials:

Traditionally the materials used for furoshiki were silk and cotton. Rayon which can be regarded as a substitute for silk, polyester which can be said to be a substitute for cotton, and chemical fibers such as nylon and acetate are also used. As research on semi-synthetic fibers combining natural fiber and chemical fiber advances, fabrics with various characteristics such as waterproof despite being cloth have been developed.


Traditional manufacturing methods include “chirimen” (crepe) and “tsumugi” (pongee).

Chirimen (crepe) is a plain woven of silk using a weak twisted yarn in the warp and strong twisted yarn in the weft, and it embosses unevenness that is stretchy on the surface called shibo (embossed). It has a sense of luxury with the texture of the gorgeous surface and its suppleness. Shrinks and delicate when wet in water. Chirimen (crepe) woven with silk can be divided into thick “ooshibo-chirimen” (large embossed crepe) and thin “rochirimen” (leno crape).

Tsumugi (pongee) is a silk fabric that is plain woven with tsumugi yarn which is taken out from silkworms’ mayu (cocoon) and strongly twisted to enhance intensity. The thickness of yarn twisted by hands is different in some parts, and it generates a deep taste. While using silk, which is a delicate fiber, it does not have much gloss and is extremely durable.

There is “ro” (leno) which is the silk fabric woven by a special production method to be thin, so that it is comfortable to spend even in the intense heat of summer.


Cotton is easy to wash and care for, traditionally the most common furoshiki material. Depending on the manufacturing method of fabrics, there are varieties such as cotton Shantung, cotton lawn, Tian Shan cotton, broad cotton and Nishijinori.

Chemical fiber:

In the case of rayon, it is common to be processed like chirimen (crepe), and shrinks like silk if it contains water.

Polyester has a unique smooth luster. Because it is very durable, it is hard to have wrinkles even if it is thin. It is a material that anyone can handle.

Nylon is also durable and light, so it is convenient to carry. It has strength and elasticity, is less likely to get wrinkles, has low water absorbency and quick drying, and is easy to wash.

Acetate is a semi-synthetic fiber with a silky texture and touch, and also moderate water absorption. Because it is weak against heat and friction, and its strength decreases if it contains water, attention must also be paid to washing so as not to get loads to the fabric.


For dyes, traditional ones are natural dyes taken from plants etc., which are characterised by natural rustic colours. At present, chemical dyes are also used, and it is possible to control delicate colour variations.

Aizome (indigo dyeing):

Among many dyes, ai (indigo) is well known for its beautiful deep blue shades. It uses fermented tadeai (dyer’s knotweed) as a dye. Indigo-dyed fabrics also have deodorant and moth-proofing effects.

Shiborizome (tie dyeing):

Shibori (tie-dyeing) emphasises the pattern by intentionally creating an imbalance in the penetration of the dye, for example by binding the cloth firmly. There is not a fixed mold, but the texture that is brewed out by the wrinkles of the tie and the penetration of moisture obtained by the shibori (tie) that is applied to the cloth is very ingenuous and you don’t get bored of it.

Hikizome (drawing dyeing):

Drawing dyeing permeates dyes into the fabric with a brush. The difference between the part where the dye penetrates and the part dye doesn’t penetrate becomes a pattern. There are “mold starch laying” and “pipe drawing” as a method to determine the part the dye does not soak in.

Inzome (mark dyeing):

Inzome (mark dyeing) is a dyeing method of putting marks on the fabric as it says. There are many examples and family crests etc. were dyed often in the past, and it uses a mold to dye out so that it stands out clearly from both front and back. There are cases that the technique of inzome (mark dyeing) is used even if it does not look like a mark at first glance.


Currently, digital inkjet printing and sublimation printing allow you to print photos and pictures based on data files at your will.

Digital print:

Since a digital inkjet is a type that blows dye directly onto the fabric, it is highly accurate, and it can print digital images, and it can be used for both natural fibers such as cotton and chemical fibers such as polyester.

Sublimation print:

Sublimation print is a technique of putting a transfer paper once printed with inkjet and cloth together, then sublimation transfer printing by heated roller. So it can only be used for polyester furoshiki.

Pigment printing:

Pigment printing is different from dyeing in precise. Instead of color penetrating through the fibers of the cloth, putting a picture on the surface with pigments as if painting a picture on furoshiki as a campus.


Furoshiki is made by cutting a long fabric into a little longer than a square and finishing it with a threefold seam. It is also common to keep the selvedge as it is without cutting off, which was from weaving the fabric. The shape of the completed furoshiki is a square or a quadrangle that is close to a square.

Author: Takuya Nagata. Amazon Profile

A novel writer and creator. Graduated from UCA, the UK’s university. Discussed Japanese minimalism in the senior thesis. Founder of “MINIЯISM” (minirism), the art movement that contributes to the development of societies, such as ecology and lifestyle. Later opened the knowledge hub “The Minimalist.”

Once travelled to Brazil and trained football at CFZ do Rio (Centro de Futebol Zico Sociedade Esportiva) in Rio de Janeiro. Played soccer for the Urawa Reds (Urawa Red Diamonds), one of the biggest football clubs in Japan, and toured Europe. Retired at a young age and voyaged alone to England. Established careers as a journalist, football coach, consultant, etc. across Europe such as Spain. The founder of “Propulsive Football” (PROBALL), the world’s first-ever competitive mixed football, facilitating diversity and spirit for equal participation in society.

Knowledgeable in creative and technology fields as well. Launched the SPACE Culture & Entertainment hub “The Space-Timer 0.”